Prayer is ray of light in self-sufficient world
The Psalm proclaims God's love and fidelity to his Covenant with his people. The experience of prayer can be a witness for those who do not share our faith.
At the General Audience on Wednesday, 5 February, the Holy Father commented on Psalm 116, the shortest in the Psalter. It expresses the heart of the Covenant between God and his people. This brief Psalm captures the essence of prayer as a personal encounter with God, a dialogue in which the divine mystery is revealed as covenant love (sometimes translated as mercy) and faithfulness (sometimes translated as truth). Through prayer, "all nations and peoples" are invited to praise God and to experience the joy of faith. Today's world greatly needs the witness of men and women who pray and who encourage others to pray. For in prayer, we discover God as the ultimate source of our love, while he pours out upon us the fullness of his mercy (cf. St Ephrem the Syrian, Carm. Nisib., 50). After his catechesis, the 65th in the series on the Psalms, the Holy Father greeted the pilgrims in the major European languages and gave a special greeting to young people, the sick, and newly-weds.
1. Continuing our meditation on the texts of the Liturgy of Lauds, we consider again a Psalm already presented, the shortest of all the Psalms. It is Psalm 116 which we have just heard, a short hymn or an aspiration that becomes a universal praise of the Lord. It proclaims what is expressed in two fundamental words: covenant love and faithfulness (cf. v. 2).
God's covenant love and faithfulness
With these terms the Psalmist describes synthetically the Covenant between God and Israel, stressing the deep, loyal and trusting relationship between the Lord and his people. We hear the echo of the words that God himself spoke on Mount Sinai when he appeared to Moses: "The Lord, the Lord, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness" (Ex 34,6).
Praise of God embraces world
2. Despite its brevity and conciseness, Psalm 116 captures the essence of prayer, which consists in coming together and entering into lively personal conversation with God. In such an event, the mystery of the Divinity is revealed as faithfulness and love.
The Psalmist adds a special aspect of prayer: the experience of prayer should be radiated in the world and become a witness for those who do not share our faith. Indeed, it begins by expanding the horizon to embrace "all peoples" and "all nations" (cf. Ps 116,1), so that before the beauty and joy of faith, they too may be overcome by the desire to know, meet and praise God.
The witness of the person at prayer is like a ray of light in the darkness
3. In a technological world menaced by an eclipse of the sacred, in a society that delights in a certain self-sufficiency, the witness of the person at prayer is like a ray of light in the darkness.
Initially, it can only awaken curiosity; then it can induce the thoughtful person to wonder about the meaning of prayer, and, finally, it can give rise to the growing desire to have the experience. For this reason, prayer is never an isolated event, but tends to expand until it involves the whole world.
St Ephrem's call to unceasing praise
4. Let us now accompany Psalm 116 with the words of a great Father of the Eastern Church, St Ephrem the Syrian, who lived in the fourth century. In one of his Hymns on Faith, the 14th, he expresses his desire to praise God without ceasing, involving "all who understand the (divine) truth". This is his witness:
"How can my harp, O Lord, cease to praise you?
How could I teach my tongue infidelity?
Your love has given confidence to my embarrassment, but my will is still ungrateful" (strophe 9).
"It is right that man should recognize your divinity, it is right for heavenly beings to praise your humanity; the heavenly beings were astonished to see how much you emptied yourself, and those on earth to see how you were exalted" (strophe 10: L'Arpa dello Spirito [The Harp of the Spirit], Rome 1999, pp. 26-28).
Praise God's love and faithfulness
5. In another hymn (Hymns on Nisibis, 50), St Ephrem confirms his task of unceasing praise and finds the reason for it in God's love and compassion for us, just as our Psalm suggests.
"In you, Lord, may my mouth make praise come from silence. May our mouths not be lacking in praise, may our lips not be lacking in confessing; may your praise vibrate in us!" (strophe 2).
"Since it is on the Lord that the root of our faith is grafted, although he is far-removed, yet he is near in the fusion of love. May the roots of our love be fastened to him, may the full measure of his compassion be poured out upon us" (strophe 6: ibid., pp. 77.80).
L'Osservatore Romano February 12, 2003